Analyse du changement politique dans la République de Djibouti de 1992-2005: Contexte et Processus

Mohamed Abdillahi Bahdon


The political change of 1990’s was imposed on the political leaders of the
Republic of Djibouti. The opposition of the direction of the ex single party, the
RPP, that follow other African countries, and particularly Benin and Mali, could not last a long time. The bursting of a civil war and the appearance of the political forces, armies or not, the resignation of the members of the  government, a first in the short Djibouti political history, but also, the pressure
of the French government on the political authorities, led to the installation of
a process of change of political regime, controlled by the ex single party. The
constitutional reform adopted by referendum on September 4, 1992 was not the subject of a consensus between the various political forces. The pluralist  elections since December 1992 up to 2005 (presidential) did not change the
local political scene significantly. The country passed from a single party to
the situation of a dominant party or a single one where the opposition still does not have a parliamentary representation.

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