https://ojs.letras.up.pt/index.php/Port/issue/feed Portugalia : Revista de Arqueologia do Departamento de Ciências e Técnicas do Património da FLUP 2020-10-06T15:22:08+00:00 Mário Jorge Barroca mbarroca@letras.up.pt Open Journal Systems <p><img src="http://flup008/index.php/index/admin/contexts//ojs/public/site/images/mselas/capa11.png" alt="" align="left" />A PORTVGALIA, revista de Arqueologia do Departamento de Ciências e Técnicas do Património da Faculdade de Letras da Universidade do Porto, iniciou a sua publicação em 1980 e, desde então, mantém uma periodicidade anual. A PORTVGALIA pretende ser um espaço de debate em torno das grandes questões teóricas e metodológicas da<br />Arqueologia e de divulgação dos mais recentes resultados da investigação arqueológica nas suas diversas áreas cronológicas (Pré-História, Proto-História, Arqueologia Clássica, Arqueologia Medieval e Arqueologia Moderna e Contemporânea).</p> https://ojs.letras.up.pt/index.php/Port/article/view/9178 Volume completo 2020-10-06T15:22:07+00:00 Revista Portugalia mbarroca@letras.up.pt . 2020-10-06T00:00:00+00:00 Direitos de Autor (c) 2020 Portugalia : Revista de Arqueologia do Departamento de Ciências e Técnicas do Património da FLUP https://ojs.letras.up.pt/index.php/Port/article/view/9167 A peça de arte móvel da Freixiosa (Miranda do Douro-Portugal). Primeiros avanços na sua contextualização e interpretação 2020-10-06T15:22:01+00:00 Maria de Jesus Sanches mbarroca@letras.up.pt Joana Castro Teixeira mbarroca@letras.up.pt <p>The present text aims to make known a schist artefact engraved with abstract motifs according to a palaeolithic style. The artefact, deposited in the Natural History and Science Museum of the University of Porto (MHNC-UP), is from Freixiosa in Miranda do Douro county. Our aim is to describe and contextualize it in the scope of the regional rock and portable art dated from the ends of the Upper Palaeolithic to the Epipalaeolithic and also to establish possible connections to other Iberian<br />areas as, for example, the Cantabria</p> 2020-10-06T00:00:00+00:00 Direitos de Autor (c) 2020 Portugalia : Revista de Arqueologia do Departamento de Ciências e Técnicas do Património da FLUP https://ojs.letras.up.pt/index.php/Port/article/view/9168 Trinta anos depois: para além do sítio de Castelo Velho de Freixo de Numão. Recintos murados e deposições da pré-história recente 2020-10-06T15:22:02+00:00 Susana Soares Lopes mbarroca@letras.up.pt <p>This article describes the study and musealization of a late prehistoric walled enclosure located at the Portuguese Upper Douro: Castelo Velho de Freixo de Numão. From the excavation started in 1989, to the opening of the site in 2007, and the publishing of a global interpretative perspective in 2019, there have been thirty years of numerous archaeological actions. I aim to summarize those<br />actions discussing their nature and diversity. The main discovery in Castelo Velho was the identification of deposition contexts, assembling disparate materialities under different formal grammars. Such contexts date from the 3rd millennium,<br />disappearing during the first half of the 2nd millennium BC. Deposition contexts, in association with other features, namely several narrow passages in the enclosure (probably used in successive opening and closing cycles) allowed interpreting the enclosure as a conditioned space hosting ceremonial practices during the 3rd millennium BC. Over this period, weren’t observed architectural<br />and/or contextual discontinuities, suggesting that the site was occupied in the light of the same social dynamics.<br />The main architectural elements of the enclosure remained active until the middle of the 2nd millennium BC. However, the traces of the occupations during this period are sparse and globally different from those of the 3rd millennium BC. Overall, the site was transformed into another place: an enclosed area, accessed only through a passage, connected to the Cogeces cultural world.<br />The 2nd millennium BC enclosure was then a place with other social functions, whose cultural uniqueness still eludes us.<br />Within the several questions to be made in the investigation of Castelo Velho, it should be stand out this one: What may have been the cause(s) of the turning point that took place between the end of the 3rd and the beginning of the 2nd millennium BC? We shall also ask: Has this change occurred at a regional level, does it mirror a social transformation of the Chalcolithic communities in the Upper Douro region?</p> 2020-10-06T00:00:00+00:00 Direitos de Autor (c) 2020 Portugalia : Revista de Arqueologia do Departamento de Ciências e Técnicas do Património da FLUP https://ojs.letras.up.pt/index.php/Port/article/view/9169 News about Attic Black Figure footed dishes attributed to Caylus and Campana painter 2020-10-06T15:22:03+00:00 Rui Morais mbarroca@letras.up.pt <p>In this paper we propose to add some examples of footed dishes that we believe can be attributed to the Caylus and the Campana painters by correctly identifying misidentified pieces through closer study. Compared to other shapes, these footed dishes are much less typical. In the Beazley Archive we have been able to find only seven complete footed dishes and one fragmentary example.<br />The examples presented herein demonstrate that these painters were responsible for the decoration of some footed dishes in a period in which the black-figure technique was gradually being replaced by the red-figure technique.</p> 2020-10-06T00:00:00+00:00 Direitos de Autor (c) 2020 Portugalia : Revista de Arqueologia do Departamento de Ciências e Técnicas do Património da FLUP https://ojs.letras.up.pt/index.php/Port/article/view/9170 Materiais arqueológicos da Cividade de Bagunte presentes no Museu de História Natural e da Ciência da Universidade do Porto 2020-10-06T15:22:03+00:00 Carlos A Brochado de Almeida mbarroca@letras.up.pt Pedro Brochado de Almeida mbarroca@letras.up.pt Rui Morais mbarroca@letras.up.pt Ana Rita Filipe mbarroca@letras.up.pt <p>The Cividade of Bagunte is a big fortified settlement from the Iron Age Period, which was widely transformed during the Romanization process of the Northwest of the Iberian Peninsula. The urban reorganization of the town happened in the 2nd half of the first century, with the Flavian dynasty. It had several archaeological campaigns during the 19th, 20th and 21th centuries. If the archaeological material dug in recent campaigns is in storage, the vast majority of the material collected in the 20th century isn´t accounted for, exception made for the Torques made of silver. As<br />for the archaeological artefacts gathered in the 19th century, al are store at the University of Porto – Faculty of Sciences, being the subject of this article.</p> 2020-10-06T00:00:00+00:00 Direitos de Autor (c) 2020 Portugalia : Revista de Arqueologia do Departamento de Ciências e Técnicas do Património da FLUP https://ojs.letras.up.pt/index.php/Port/article/view/9171 Sobre as origens da diocese do Porto na Alta Idade Média. Uma reflexão sobre o Parochiale Suevorum e a diocese de Magneto/Meinedo (sécs. VI-VII). 2020-10-06T15:22:04+00:00 Francesco Renzi mbarroca@letras.up.pt Andrea Mariani mbarroca@letras.up.pt <p>Traditionally, scholars considered Magneto/Meinedo as the originary See of Porto/Portucale in the 6th century. This conclusion grounds mainly on two sources: the Parochiale Suevorum and the acts of the II Council of Braga, where among the subscribers appears a «Viator Magnetensis ecclesiae episcopus». The analysis of the sources in their historical context and chronology show, however,<br />a more complex and contradictory panorama. In this work, we will try to examine the different interpretations elaborated by scholars and to propose a reflection on both the Parochiale Suevorum and the relations between Meinedo and Porto between the Late Antiquity and the High Middle Ages.<br />In order to achieve these objectives, we will first introduce the historiographical outcomes on this specific theme. Second, we will analyse and compare historiographical data to the information contained in both written sources and archaeological materials. Finally, we will advance some possible hypotheses to interpret the eventual connection between these two dioceses.</p> 2020-10-06T00:00:00+00:00 Direitos de Autor (c) 2020 Portugalia : Revista de Arqueologia do Departamento de Ciências e Técnicas do Património da FLUP https://ojs.letras.up.pt/index.php/Port/article/view/9172 A construção e as artes ao tempo de D. Sesnando (Parte 1) 2020-10-06T15:22:05+00:00 Paulo Almeida Fernandes mbarroca@letras.up.pt Manuel Luís Real mbarroca@letras.up.pt <p>D. Sesnando’s rule over a vast territory, between the rivers Mondego and Douro (1064-1091), entailed a rupture with the previous framework of territorial management, in which a considerable part of this land was nominally bound to Muslim authorities. After the definitive conquest of Coimbra, there was a period of intense change in the landscape and of enhancement of humanized geography, in which the alvazil Sesnando moved more intensely.<br />This article seeks to address the reality of construction and the arts during D. Sesnando’s time, but it goes back to the beginning of the 11th century to highlight the great transformations that took place after 1064. Based on documental sources that mention various types of heritage, the first part of the paper offers an analysis of the territory. It also includes an introduction to the city of Coimbra, between the Muslim invasion of 711 and the eve of the 1064 conquest.</p> 2020-10-06T00:00:00+00:00 Direitos de Autor (c) 2020 Portugalia : Revista de Arqueologia do Departamento de Ciências e Técnicas do Património da FLUP https://ojs.letras.up.pt/index.php/Port/article/view/9173 As sepulturas escavadas na rocha de Contumil (Porto) 2020-10-06T15:22:05+00:00 Antonio Manuel S P Silva mbarroca@letras.up.pt <p>The occasional discovery, in 1943, of three rock-cut graves, near Contumil (Campanhã, Oporto), was reported in the daily press but did not subsequently attract the attention of researchers. The descriptions, illustrated by two photographs, refer to three anthropomorphic graves, listed by the author of the main articles with an old chapel of the invocation of São Martinho, documented since the 11th century. There is no information about the fate of that archaeological find, probably destroyed by the urbanization and construction works of the Bairro de Casas Económicas of São Roque da Lameira.</p> 2020-10-06T00:00:00+00:00 Direitos de Autor (c) 2020 Portugalia : Revista de Arqueologia do Departamento de Ciências e Técnicas do Património da FLUP https://ojs.letras.up.pt/index.php/Port/article/view/9174 Um graffito do século XV-XVI no castelo de Montalegre 2020-10-06T15:22:06+00:00 Mário Jorge Barroca mbarroca@letras.up.pt César Guedes mbarroca@letras.up.pt <p>Study of a graffiti identified in a tower of the castle of Montalegre, a fortification in the north of Portugal, built close to the Spanish border. The graffiti, representing a boat, occupies a large surface. An inscription, dated from 1580, related to the conclusion of works in the castle, suggests the chronology of the graffiti.</p> 2020-10-06T00:00:00+00:00 Direitos de Autor (c) 2020 Portugalia : Revista de Arqueologia do Departamento de Ciências e Técnicas do Património da FLUP https://ojs.letras.up.pt/index.php/Port/article/view/9175 O trabalho do linho em Cabeceiras de Basto: engenhos de maçar 2020-10-06T15:22:07+00:00 Teresa Soeiro mbarroca@letras.up.pt <p>Fiber flax cultivation was widely spread in Cabeceiras de Basto, in the interior of Entre-Douro-e-Minho province, both for private consumption and for trade in the regional market from where it would sometimes be shipped to more distant places like Brazil. Flax crops were sowed in almost every farmhouse. Sowing was the first step of a cycle highly demanding in workforce up to harvest, and subsequent preparation and transformation of the fibers into linen fabric–the local cloth for everyday use. At the turn of the 18th century, due to the textile cotton advance, and aiming to lower costs and intensify linen production, an innovative machine, the flax mill, came into use.<br />Although actioned accordingly to traditional technical skills, it mechanized one of the work stages: the breaking of the dried flax plant to release the textile fiber. We studied the existence and use of the flax mills in this county area.</p> 2020-10-06T00:00:00+00:00 Direitos de Autor (c) 2020 Portugalia : Revista de Arqueologia do Departamento de Ciências e Técnicas do Património da FLUP