https://ojs.letras.up.pt/index.php/Port/issue/feed Portugalia : Revista de Arqueologia do Departamento de Ciências e Técnicas do Património da FLUP 2021-10-21T09:43:49+00:00 Mário Jorge Barroca mbarroca@letras.up.pt Open Journal Systems <p><img src="http://flup008/index.php/index/admin/contexts//ojs/public/site/images/mselas/capa11.png" alt="" align="left" />A PORTVGALIA, revista de Arqueologia do Departamento de Ciências e Técnicas do Património da Faculdade de Letras da Universidade do Porto, iniciou a sua publicação em 1980 e, desde então, mantém uma periodicidade anual. A PORTVGALIA pretende ser um espaço de debate em torno das grandes questões teóricas e metodológicas da<br />Arqueologia e de divulgação dos mais recentes resultados da investigação arqueológica nas suas diversas áreas cronológicas (Pré-História, Proto-História, Arqueologia Clássica, Arqueologia Medieval e Arqueologia Moderna e Contemporânea).</p> https://ojs.letras.up.pt/index.php/Port/article/view/10889 Menir de Fontelo (Armamar, Viseu) 2021-10-20T12:56:49+00:00 Mário Varela Gomes mbarroca@letras.up.pt Orlando Sousa mbarroca@letras.up.pt <p>We bring to light the discovery of a new tall menhir, currently laid on the ground, away from its<br>primitive erection site, in Vale de Naçarães, southwest Fontelo village (Armamar, Viseu) allowing<br>some considerations. It is a monolith sculpted with local granitic rock, subcylindrically shaped,<br>but presenting pointed extremities, measuring 5.32 m long and 1.18 m in maximum width. The<br>exposed surface shows three engraved cup-marks, one near the top and two paired on the mesial<br>volume, as well as at the central area four large pecked concentric circles, containing on its inside<br>a fifth circle, smaller and not centred with the larger ones. Other cup-marks were detected, but all<br>the engravings are much eroded and were possibly made when the menhir was already down. This<br>kind of monuments was probably built in the 5th millennium B.C., when the first passage graves<br>appear in the region. The large dimensions of this monolith, when erected allowed his viewing from<br>a far distance thus ordaining the surrounding space. The authors propose that this menhir to be reerected<br>and signalised through explanatory board on his historical and archaeological importance.</p> 2021-10-20T00:00:00+00:00 Direitos de Autor (c) 2021 Portugalia : Revista de Arqueologia do Departamento de Ciências e Técnicas do Património da FLUP https://ojs.letras.up.pt/index.php/Port/article/view/10890 Las Estatuas Galaico Lusitanas en posición de parada 2021-10-20T13:00:46+00:00 Sergio Ríos González mbarroca@letras.up.pt <p>The statues of warriors are one of the most prominent examples of the Castro culture in the<br>northwest of the Iberian Peninsula. Notable in this category is a series of sculptures depicting the<br>same iconographic motif: standing male, looking straight ahead, carrying a shield on the front. This<br>paper, which is the first part of an integral research about this sculptures, studies their distribution<br>and location as well as the inscriptions that are carved in some of them. Our analysis shows that<br>these sculptural pieces are not found everywhere but in some specific sites within the old conventus<br>bracarensis territory. Most of those locations are associated to heterogeneous settlements, but<br>some others cannot be associated to inhabited areas. In this latter case, the sculptures could have<br>been linked to key points in the territory (crossroads, hills, relevant piks, etc). Finally, engraved<br>inscriptions seem concurrent with their corresponding sculptures, so this is a significant clue for the<br>chronology of this unique statues of warriors.</p> 2021-10-20T00:00:00+00:00 Direitos de Autor (c) 2021 Portugalia : Revista de Arqueologia do Departamento de Ciências e Técnicas do Património da FLUP https://ojs.letras.up.pt/index.php/Port/article/view/10891 O Berrão de Ramilo, Duas Igrejas, Miranda do Douro 2021-10-20T13:05:49+00:00 Mónica Salgado mbarroca@letras.up.pt Francisco M.V. Reimão Queiroga mbarroca@letras.up.pt <p>The statue of wild boar from Ramilo, now presented, was recently discovered in the course of<br>agricultural work within the boundaries of the Duas Igrejas parish, Miranda do Douro Council, in<br>a property named Ramilo. This is an important find amongst the existing statues of the kind, as it<br>represents a male wild boar depicted with a number of sculpted details that altogether add to the<br>definition of the typologies of representation of the boar statues so far found in this region.</p> 2021-10-20T00:00:00+00:00 Direitos de Autor (c) 2021 Portugalia : Revista de Arqueologia do Departamento de Ciências e Técnicas do Património da FLUP https://ojs.letras.up.pt/index.php/Port/article/view/10892 Uma sepultura da Antiguidade tardia em Quintela de Lampaças, Bragança 2021-10-20T13:46:47+00:00 Francisco M.V. Reimão Queiroga mbarroca@letras.up.pt Francisco Sá Reimão Queiroga mbarroca@letras.up.pt <p>An archaeological survey carried out in an agricultural field located at Quintela de Lampaças,<br>Bragança, led to the discovery of a Late Antiquity grave. The structure in which the burial is settled is<br>made out of loose stones and clay building materials, and bears a rather unclear configuration that<br>diverges from the known funerary models from this epoch. The dating proposed for the set is the<br>second half of the Vth century AD, as suggested by the materials that are most suitable for dating,<br>such as the pieces of Late Terra Sigillata. Amongst the pile of clay materials that made the covering<br>of the grave was deposited one hammer during the funerary ritual. This hammer is of a known roman<br>type, and is a unique find in the region, in addition to being found in a rather unusual context.</p> 2021-10-20T00:00:00+00:00 Direitos de Autor (c) 2021 Portugalia : Revista de Arqueologia do Departamento de Ciências e Técnicas do Património da FLUP https://ojs.letras.up.pt/index.php/Port/article/view/10893 Um altar funerário romano em Bustelo 2021-10-20T13:51:06+00:00 Teresa Soeiro mbarroca@letras.up.pt Armando Redentor mbarroca@letras.up.pt <p>This paper presents the study of an inscribed Roman funerary altar, found in 2020 in the old<br>monastery of Bustelo (Penafiel). The circumstances of the finding were recorded as well as the<br>possible post-Roman era route of the piece and its reuse. The study of the typological characteristics<br>of the support is carried out and the text is analysed from the epigraphic and historical points of<br>view, seeking to contextualize the monument in the regional epigraphy. Taking into account the<br>current knowledge about Roman sites in the vicinity of the finding place, the potential connexion<br>with contemporary settlements of the altar making and primary use is discussed.</p> 2021-10-20T00:00:00+00:00 Direitos de Autor (c) 2021 Portugalia : Revista de Arqueologia do Departamento de Ciências e Técnicas do Património da FLUP https://ojs.letras.up.pt/index.php/Port/article/view/10894 La utilización de la Epigrafia en la construcción del discurso nacionalista galego 2021-10-20T13:54:58+00:00 María Dolores Dopico Caínzos mbarroca@letras.up.pt <p>The History of Galicia by Manuel Murguía laid the foundations of a Galician nationalism based on a<br>differential fact, Celtism, which had remained unchanged from its origins to his own time. To support<br>his theory, Murguía tried to show that no conquest, not even the Roman one, had suppressed the<br>Celtic customs. The epigraphic sources, with the votive inscriptions that mentioned “Celtic” divinities,<br>became a useful resource to show that survival, as well as the independence and spirit of rebellion<br>of the Galician people.</p> 2021-10-20T00:00:00+00:00 Direitos de Autor (c) 2021 Portugalia : Revista de Arqueologia do Departamento de Ciências e Técnicas do Património da FLUP https://ojs.letras.up.pt/index.php/Port/article/view/10895 A Construção e as Artes ao tempo de D. Sesnando 2021-10-20T14:07:49+00:00 Manuel Luís Real mbarroca@letras.up.pt Paulo Almeida Fernandes mbarroca@letras.up.pt <p>D. Sesnando’s rule over a vast territory, between the rivers Mondego and Douro (1064-1091),<br>entailed a rupture with the previous framework of territorial management, in which a considerable<br>part of this land was nominally bound to Muslim authorities. After the definitive conquest of<br>Coimbra, there was a period of intense change in the landscape and of enhancement of humanized<br>geography, in which the alvazil Sesnando moved more intensely.<br>This article seeks to address the reality of construction and the arts during D. Sesnando’s time.<br>Based on documental sources that mention various types of heritage, the first part of the paper<br>offered an analysis of the territory. It also included an introduction to the city of Coimbra, between<br>the Muslim invasion of 711 and the eve of the 1064 conquest. In addition we present an overview<br>of the performance of the dux Sesnando.</p> 2021-10-20T00:00:00+00:00 Direitos de Autor (c) 2021 Portugalia : Revista de Arqueologia do Departamento de Ciências e Técnicas do Património da FLUP https://ojs.letras.up.pt/index.php/Port/article/view/10896 Coimbra e sua região no tempo de D. Sesnando 2021-10-20T14:10:52+00:00 Jorge de Alarcão mbarroca@letras.up.pt <p>In 1064, Ferdinand the Great conquered Coimbra from the Musulmans. The authority over the town<br>was trusted to Sesnandus. Born in a Christian family of Coimbra or its area, the count had been<br>educated in the Musulman court of Seville. In the time of Sesnandus, the Christian rule was not<br>extended farther than the line of Penela and Soure, where castles were built. The relations seem<br>to have been peaceful between Sesnandus and the emir of Badajoz, who controlled Lisbon and<br>Santarém. An essay is made here to imagine the urban space of Coimbra and to map the villages<br>that existed around the town.</p> 2021-10-20T00:00:00+00:00 Direitos de Autor (c) 2021 Portugalia : Revista de Arqueologia do Departamento de Ciências e Técnicas do Património da FLUP https://ojs.letras.up.pt/index.php/Port/article/view/10897 Ofícios e pequena indústria em Penafiel 2021-10-20T14:13:45+00:00 Teresa Soeiro mbarroca@letras.up.pt <p>The Municipal Museum of Penafiel recently implemented an experience to stimulate the traditional<br>crafts. It revealed that the tinsmith craft-deeply rooted in the city and district since the end of<br>the 18th century-is at risk of vanishing, since only one professional craftsman remains, already<br>retired. Such urgency led us to seek to document the activity, namely in the municipality, in order<br>to construct a reading of this historical path, focusing on working dynamics and transmission of<br>traditional skills, from the 18th century guilds to the Estado Novo (1933-1974). The last tinker and<br>the memories of other craftsmen who learnt the trade in their youth and practiced it for many years,<br>allowed access to working practices, technical means, models and needs and preferences of the<br>clientele. These were considered under the relevant social and chronological context.</p> 2021-10-20T00:00:00+00:00 Direitos de Autor (c) 2021 Portugalia : Revista de Arqueologia do Departamento de Ciências e Técnicas do Património da FLUP https://ojs.letras.up.pt/index.php/Port/article/view/10899 Ficha técnica 2021-10-21T09:33:01+00:00 Portugalia mbarroca@letras.up.pt <p>.</p> 2021-10-21T00:00:00+00:00 Direitos de Autor (c) 2021 Portugalia : Revista de Arqueologia do Departamento de Ciências e Técnicas do Património da FLUP https://ojs.letras.up.pt/index.php/Port/article/view/10900 Sumário 2021-10-21T09:41:28+00:00 Portugalia mbarroca@letras.up.pt <p>.</p> 2021-10-21T00:00:00+00:00 Direitos de Autor (c) 2021 Portugalia : Revista de Arqueologia do Departamento de Ciências e Técnicas do Património da FLUP https://ojs.letras.up.pt/index.php/Port/article/view/10898 Volume compelto 2021-10-20T14:17:07+00:00 Portugalia mbarroca@letras.up.pt <p>.</p> 2021-10-20T00:00:00+00:00 Direitos de Autor (c) 2021 Portugalia : Revista de Arqueologia do Departamento de Ciências e Técnicas do Património da FLUP https://ojs.letras.up.pt/index.php/Port/article/view/10901 Projeto e normas 2021-10-21T09:43:49+00:00 Portugalia mbarroca@letras.up.pt <p>.</p> 2021-10-21T00:00:00+00:00 Direitos de Autor (c) 2021 Portugalia : Revista de Arqueologia do Departamento de Ciências e Técnicas do Património da FLUP