Event-related states in secondary predication


  • Ignacio Bosque


Analyses of secondary predication based on the aspectual properties of predicative
complements are almost standard today. This paper shows that these approaches are not
restrictive enough and make a large number of incorrect predictions. It also shows that the
meaning of the main (or primary) predicate is essential to restrict the secondary one. Throughout
the text, a pragmatically based analysis of the necessary restrictions is compared with one
grounded on semantic paradigms, and several examples are proposed of how the latter may
be articulated and developed. Event-related states in secondary predication are shown to be
necessary, and are claimed to follow from a series if fine-grained semantic notions crucially
related to the meaning of the primary verb.